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Anthrax disease breaks out in Zambia

Filed under: Breaking News |
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Anthrax disease has broken out in some parts of the country in Zambia.

Anthrax is a serious infectious disease caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis.

It primarily affects animals, particularly cattle and sheep, but can also be transmitted to humans.

The bacteria produce spores that can survive in the environment for long periods of time. Anthrax can be contracted through direct contact with infected animals or their products, such as meat or hides, or by inhaling or ingesting the spores.

In humans, anthrax can manifest in three forms: cutaneous (skin), inhalation, and gastrointestinal.

Cutaneous anthrax is the most common form and occurs when the spores enter the body through a cut or abrasion on the skin. Inhalation anthrax is the most severe and occurs when the spores are inhaled into the lungs.

Gastrointestinal anthrax is rare and occurs when contaminated meat is consumed.

However, parts of the country affected so far are part of Southern Province( Sinazongwe, Choma and Siavonga Districts) and part of Eastern Province ( Lumezi District)

And government through the Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries has imposed restrictions on the movement of meat and live animals within and outside the districts affected in accordance with the Animal Health Act No. 27 of 2010, Section 6 Subsection 1(a) with effect from 24th October , 2023 until the outbreak is contained.

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